Marsileaceae Mirb.
  • Hist. Nat. Vég. 5: 126. 1802. (21 Nov 1802)
  • Water clover Family


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Marsileaceae Mirb. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-7000000365. Accessed on: 04 Feb 2023'

General Information

Plants aquatic or amphibious, rhizomatous. Stems growing on soil surface or subterranean, main stem long-creeping and giving rise to long or short shoots only at nodes; hairs laterally attached, multicellular. Roots arising at nodes and also along internodes. Leaves distichous, long-petioled, sometimes filiform and lacking expanded blades. Sori within hard bean- or pea-shaped bodies (sporocarps) arising on short stalks from near or at base of petioles. Sporangia of 2 kinds, borne within the same sorus and sporocarp; megasporangia containing a single megaspore; microsporangia containing 20--64 microspores. Gametophytes remaining within spores; microgametophytes of only a few cells; megagametophytes protruding from spores, each bearing 1 simple archegonium.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Plants small, herbaceous, in shallow water or on shores of lakes and ponds. Rhizomes slender and creeping with a siphonostele, covered with short side-attached hairs or glabrous. Fronds linear or with 2-4 obtriangular or fan-shaped pinnae attached at top of stipe, these floating on water surface or emergent. Spores formed inside bean-shaped sporocarps attached to stipe by a short peduncle. Sporocarps containing 2-30 sori, each sorus including both megasporangia and microsporangia. Megasporangium with 1 large spore; microsporangium with 16-64 small spores.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Herbs growing in water or wet places, with wide–creeping solenostelic, sometimes hairy rhizomes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Small aquatic or semi-aquatic ferns with a creeping, branched, solenostelic rhizome

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Fougères aquatiques ou semi-aquatiques.\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t Sporophytes'petits; rhizome rampant, ramifié, solénostélique.'Feuilles'à préfoliaison circinée, simples ou comprenant 2 ou 4 folioles opposées au sommet du pétiole; nervures ramifiées dichotomiquement et s'anastomosant.'Sporanges renfermés dans des sporocarpes fermés, ceux-ci étant insérés par de courts pédicelles sur les pétioles, souvent tout à la base de ceux-ci.\n\t\t\t\n\t\t\t\t Spores de 2 sortes : mégaspores solitaires, formées dans des mégasporanges, et microspores nombreuses, formées dans des microsporanges.\n\t\t\tGamétophytes ♀ multicellulaires.\n\t\t\tGamétophytes ♂ très petits.\n\t\t\tFamille subcosmopolite, groupant 3 genres et environ 70 espèces. Pour la Flore : 1 genre.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Braun, A. 1871. Hr. Braun theilte neuere Untersuchungen über die Gattungen Marsilea und Pilularia. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1870: 653--753. Johnson, D. M. 1986. Systematics of the New World species of Marsilea (Marsileaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 11: 1--87.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Water clover Family

     Information From

    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • A http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Marsileaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Marsileaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).